Contemplating one’s lifespan might seem daunting, but formulating a practical and well-informed estimate is crucial when crafting a retirement plan that ensures financial stability. Regrettably, many American adults do not possess sufficient “longevity literacy,” which can lead to significant obstacles in retirement planning. Let’s delve into this critical subject.
The Prevalence of Insufficient ‘Longevity Literacy’
A recent study by the Global Financial Literacy Excellence Center and the TIAA Institute discovered that fewer than 40% of adults can accurately predict the average lifespan of individuals post-65. The researchers coined the term “low longevity literacy.” They discerned a connection between this knowledge gap and overall preparedness for retirement.
Longevity literacy is crucial, as planning for retirement involves strategizing and preparing for an uncertain time span. The study emphasized that most U.S. adults exhibit a deficiency in understanding longevity.
Misjudgments in Longevity Expectations
The research comprised three multiple-choice questions, revealing that only 12% of participants answered correctly. About 31% were uncertain or underestimated lifespan in all responses.
- Average Lifespan: 65% were incorrect in estimating that a 65-year-old male would live to 84 and a female to 87.
- Living Past 90: 68% were mistaken about the 30% chance for men and 40% for women.
- Not Living Past 70: 54% were unaware that the likelihood is 5%-10% for men and under 5% for women.
Variances in Longevity Literacy Across Demographics
The research indicated that longevity literacy differed across gender, race, and generations. Women outperformed men in answering correctly. While 32% of men displayed weak longevity literacy, only 29% of women did so.
Ethnic disparities were noted, with Whites and Asians showing higher longevity literacy compared to Blacks and Hispanics. Generational differences were also observed, with Gen Z showing 37% weak longevity literacy compared to Baby Boomers at 28%.
How Longevity Literacy Influences Retirement Security
Those with a solid grasp of longevity literacy are more likely to save regularly for retirement, with 72% doing so. Additionally, 69% felt confident about having a comfortable retirement.
People aware of longevity issues often fared better in retirement, with 77% stating their retirement lifestyle met or exceeded expectations. In contrast, only 62% of those with low longevity literacy reported a satisfactory retirement experience.
The survey highlighted that respondents with lower longevity literacy struggled with comprehending “life expectancy” and its impact on retirement and investments. Financial professionals are encouraged to clarify such terminology to ensure individuals recognize the significance of extended lifespans in retirement planning.
Addressing the ‘Longevity Risk’ in Retirement
“Longevity risk” refers to the probability of outliving one’s savings during retirement. Individuals with a strong understanding of longevity and its implications on a partner’s survival are better equipped to plan their retirement investments and lifestyle.
Prioritizing Longevity Literacy for a Secure Retirement
Enhanced longevity literacy can lead to a more secure and enjoyable retirement. By understanding the average lifespan and preparing accordingly, retirees can ensure they not only have sufficient funds but also a lifestyle that aligns with their expectations. Conversely, neglecting longevity literacy could undermine retirement income security, leading to challenging circumstances in the golden years. Hence, cultivating longevity literacy is an indispensable step toward a worry-free retirement.