The devil is in the details regarding Individual Retirement Accounts (IRAs). A seemingly small oversight can result in hefty penalties that could have been easily avoided. As a financial advisor, I’ve repeatedly seen clients stumble over these pitfalls. Let’s delve into the three most common yet costly IRA mistakes.
The Perils of Incorrect Beneficiary Designation
One of the most overlooked aspects of IRA management is the beneficiary designation. Remember, your IRA doesn’t pass through your will; it goes directly to the beneficiary you’ve named. I’ve seen cases where individuals inadvertently left their IRAs to ex-spouses because they failed to update this crucial information.
- Review your beneficiary designations annually.
- Remember to name contingent beneficiaries.
- To make sure your beneficiary selections fit within your estate plan, you should speak with your attorney and accountant.
The Trap of After-Tax Contributions
Another common mistake is not properly accounting for after-tax contributions to a traditional IRA. While pre-tax donations are tax-deductible, after-tax contributions are not. If you specify which contributions are after-tax, you’ll avoid paying taxes on them again upon withdrawal.
- File IRS Form 8606 to account for after-tax contributions.
- Consult a tax advisor if you’ve made this mistake in the past.
- Be cautious when making after-tax contributions, especially if planning a “backdoor” Roth IRA conversion.
Using the Wrong RMD Table: A Costly Oversight
Required Minimum Distributions (RMDs) are another area where people often need to improve. There are multiple tables to calculate your RMDs, and using the wrong one can cost you. If, for example, your spouse is the only beneficiary and they are more than ten years younger than you, you can use a different table that may result in a lower RMD.
- Know which RMD table applies to your situation.
- Consult your financial advisor to ensure you’re using the correct table.
- Be aware of the implications of your tax liability.
The Bottom Line: An Ounce of Prevention
IRAs are a fantastic vehicle for retirement savings, but they come with their own set of complexities. The key to avoiding costly mistakes is a systematic review process. Consult with a team of experts, including a financial planner, to ensure you get all the details.
Being proactive and informed allows you to navigate the IRA landscape without falling into these costly traps. Remember, an ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure when it concerns your retirement savings.